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Food ID: 23
Grønkål, rå Danish
Name
Kale, raw
Taxonomic name
Brassica oleracea (L.) convar. acephala
Factors etc. Value No. Samples Source
Waste 46 11 1879, 1015
Protein Conversion Factor (NCF) 6.25
Fatty acid conversion factor (FCF) 0.800
Macro nutrients etc. Cont. /100g Unit Median Variation No. Samples Source
Energy, kJ 252 kJ 1003
Energy, kcal 60 kcal 1003
total N 0.745 g 0.448 - 0.992 18 1825, 1073
Protein, total 4.7 g 2.8 - 6.2 18 1825, 1073
Protein labeling 4.7 g 2.8 - 6.2 18 1825, 1073
Carbohydrate by difference 10.9 g 1003
Carbohydrates, available 4.7 g 1003
Carbohydrate, declaration 2.0 g 1003
Added sugar 0.0 g 1655
Dietary fiber 6.2 g 4.9 - 9 4 1825
Fat, total 1.1 g 1 - 1.3 4 1073, 1825
Alcohol 0.0 g 1655
Ash 1.8 g 1.3 - 2.8 18 1825, 1073
Dry matter 18.5 g 12.8 - 26.3 25 1073, 1808, 1879
Water 81.5 g 73.7 - 87.2 25 1073, 1808, 1879
Vitamins Cont. /100g Unit Median Variation No. Samples Source
Vitamin A 421 RE 1003
Retinol 0 µg 1655
beta-carotene 5050 µg 6185 5250 - 6810 6 1808
Vitamin D 0 µg 1003
D3 cholecalciferol 0 µg 1655
Vitamin E 5.40 α-TE
alpha-tocopherol 5.40 mg 4.4 - 6.08 3 1034
Vitamin K1 250 µg 1006
Vitamin B1 0.150 mg 0.085 - 0.205 12 1019
Vitamin B2, Riboflavin 0.290 mg 0.207 - 0.42 10 1022
Niacin 3.98 NE 1003
niacin 2.80 mg 1.74 - 4.6 14 1018
Vitamin B6 0.350 mg 0.276 - 0.455 6 1025
Pantothenic 1.000 mg 1352
Biotin 36.0 µg 1343
Folate 60.0 µg 1375
Folate, free 44.0 µg 1375
B12 0 µg 1655
C Vitamin 169 mg 1003
L-ascorbic acid 169 mg 104 - 262 14 1073
Minerals and inorganic Cont. /100g Unit Median Variation No. Samples Source
Sodium, Na 35.0 mg 19.7 - 57 5 1058
Potassium, K 264 mg 192 - 357 5 1058
Calcium, Ca 219 mg 44 - 460 19 1030, 1015
Magnesium, Mg 20.0 mg 15.3 - 24.6 5 1058
Phosphorus, P 73.9 mg 57 - 98.4 6 1015
Iron, Fe 2.00 mg 1 - 5.2 9 1043
Copper, Cu 0.0910 mg 0.057 - 0.142 12 1103
Zinc, Zn 0.620 mg 0.38 - 0.9 12 1103
Iodine In 1.40 µg 0.7 - 2.4 3 1055
Manganese, Mn 0.500 mg 1349
Chromium, Cr 8.30 µg 6.4 0.4 - 24.6 44 1506
Selenium, Se 2.10 µg 1.5 0 - 6.1 13 1914
Molybdenum, Mo 2.00 µg 1349
Nickel, Ni 13.5 µg 9.4 4.8 - 35.9 10 1843
Mercury Hg 0.880 µg 0.89 0 - 2.45 44 1506
Arsenic, As 1.94 µg 1.53 0.24 - 5.87 44 1506
Cadmium, Cd 2.96 µg 1.1 - 9.04 23 1914, 1843
Lead, Pb 8.03 µg 2.6 - 16.4 23 1914, 1843
Carbohydrates Cont. /100g Unit Median Variation No. Samples Source
Fructose 0.940 g 1 0.7 - 1.1 5 1879
Glucose 0.760 g 0.7 0.5 - 1 5 1879
Monosaccharides, total 1.70 g 1003
Maltose 0 g 0 1 1879
Sucrose 0.200 g 0 0 - 0.6 5 1879
Disaccharides total 0.200 g 1003
Raffinose 0.120 g 0 0 - 0.3 5 1879
Other sugars 0 g 0 5 1879
Sugars, total 1.90 g 1003
Starch 0.0800 g 1314
Saturated fatty acids g/100g % Source
C16: 0 0.148 16 1039
Monounsaturated fatty acids g/100g % Source
C16: 1 n-7 0.033 3.54 1039
Polyunsaturated fatty acids g/100g % Source
C18: 2 n-6 0.197 21.3 1039
C18: 3 n-3 0.543 58.9 1039
C20: 4, n-6 0.000 0 1039
Fatty acids sums g/100g % Source
Sum saturated 0.148 16 1003
Sum monounsaturated 0.033 3.54 1003
Sum polyunsaturated 0.739 80.3 1003
Fatty acids, total 0.920 100 1003
Sum n-3 fatty acids 0.543 58.9 1003
Sum n-6 fatty acids 0.197 21.3 1003
Sterols Cont. /100g Unit Median Variation No. Samples Source
Cholesterol 0 mg 1655
Amino acids mg/100g mg/g Nitrogen Source
Isoleucine 179 240 1059
Leucine 298 400 1059
Lysine 253 340 1059
Methionine 54 73 1059
Cystine 22 30 1059
Phenylalanine 201 270 1059
Tyrosine 112 150 1059
Threonine 179 240 1059
Tryptophan 71 95 1059
Valin 253 340 1059
Arginine 216 290 1059
Histidine 89 120 1059
Alanine 276 370 1059
Aspartic acid 350 470 1059
Glutamic acid 410 550 1059
Glycine 201 270 1059
Proline 268 360 1059
Serin 186 250 1059

© 2021 - National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Division for Risk Assessment and Nutrition, Building 201, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby